UMUBIRI W’UMUGORE-UBURYO BUNYURANYE BWO BWO KURINGANIZA IMBYARO

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Aya makuru ku kuringaniza imbyaro arakwereka bumwe mu buryo bukoreshwa mu kuringaniza imbyaro.Ariko ibitekerezo biri aha si inama za kiganga ahubwo ni ikiganiro gisanzwe, ntugomba gukoresha ibitekerezo biraha ufata umuti uwo ari wo wose utabajije abahanga mu by’ubuvuzi.Kandi niba ufite ikibazo ku byerekeranye n’idini mu gukoresha umuti uwo ari wo wose, nakugira inama zo kubaza padiri, pasitoro shehe cyangwa undi muyobozi w’idini.Ikindi kandi nta muti nshyigikiye hejuru y’iyindi kuko imiti yose yo kuringaniza imbyaro ushobora kuyisamiramo,ntirinda indwara z’ibitsinank’indwara ya sida n’izindi kandi ikunze kugira ingaruka ku bayinywa.

Kwifata byonyine ni byo byakurinda 100% gusama hamwe n’indwara zifatira mu myanya ndangabitsina nk’indwara ya sida n’izindi.

AGAKINGIRIZO K’ABAGABO

Agakingirizo gatuma intanga z’umugabo zitinjira mu igituba cy’umugore kakaba nka barriere hagati y’igituba n’imboro.Agakingirizo karakundwa kandi kagezweho kuko kadahenda, karinda zimwe mu ndwara zifatira mu myanya ndangabitsina, kaboneka byoroshye hirya no hino kandi ntibigoye cyane kugakoresha.Iyo ugereranyije agakingirizo n’imiti ifatirwa mu mubiri,agakingirizo kagira ingaruka nke.

Mu ngo zikoresha agakingirizo,14% nibwo agakingirizo kadakora neza mu mwaka. Mu rubyiruko agakingirizo gakunze kudakora imirimo yako neza kuko abasore benshi nta kwihangana kwinshi bagira.

Agakingirizo hari indwara zifatira mu myanya ndangabitsina katarinda nka HPV,Herpes.Nubwo agakingirizo kakugabanyiriza risque yo kwandura indwara nka SIDA,agakingirizo gashobora gucika,kunyerera kakavamo, ibi byose bishobora gutuma wandura umukunzi wawe aramutse afite indwara.

Niba wikundira gukoresha agakingirizo ugomba kumenya ko nibura 2-6% by’udukingirizo ducika cyangwa tukivanamo mu gihe cyo guhuza ibitsina,bityo abenshi mu bakoresha agakingirizo kajya kabacikiraho cyangwa kakivanamo.Ntibyagutangaza rero ubonye umukunzi wawe atwite kandi nta munsi numwe mwabikoze nta agakingirizo.

AGAKINGIRIZO K’ABAGORE

-diaphragm
-cervical cap
-agakingirizo k’abagore

Ubu buryo bukoreshwa n’abagore kandi bugakoreshwa nka barriere hagati y’intanga z’umugabo na nyababyeyi y’umugore.

Uretse agakingirizo k’umugore gukoresha ubundi buryo bisaba ko ubifashwamo na muganga.21-26% y’abakoresha ubu buryo bashobora gusama. Mu bagore babyayeho,40% y’abakoresha ubu buryo bashobora gusama.

Mu rubyiruko ubu buryo bukunze gutsindwa cyane kuko imisemburo y’abasore iba iri hejuru cyane.

Ubu buryo ntiburinda indwara z’ibitsina nka SIDA n’izindi

IBININI N’INSHINGE

-Depo-Provera
-Norplant
-ECP
-IUD

1-13% y’abakoresha ubu buryo bashobora gusama.Imiti banywa hamwe na Depo-Provera birakundwa cyane kuko byoroshye gukoreshwa.

Iyi miti ariko kandi igira ingaruka zitari nziza

-kwiyongera ibiro
-kugubwa nabi
-ibibazo by’uruhu
-kubura appetit y’igitsina
-ibibazo mu magufwa

Hari n’ibindi bibazo bikomeye bikomoka kuri iyi miti

-Kuva cyane
-Amaraso afashe-ndetse n’urupfu

Niyo mpamvu iyi miti atari iyo gukinishwa ahubwo ugomba kuyikoresha ku nama za muganga.
Abagore bakuze banywa itabi bagomba kwirinda gukoresha iyi miti.

Iyo uhagaritse gukoresha iyi miti ushobora kongera gusama nyuma y’amezi runaka cyangwa umwaka.
Iyi miti ntirinda indwara z’ibitsina nka SIDA n’izindi.

Nubwo ino ari imwe mu imiti irinda gusama neza umugore ashobora gusama ayikoresha.

Umugore ashobora gusama aramutse asibye ikinini cyangwa akanywa za antibiotique zigabanya ingufu z’iyi miti.

KWIYAKANA

Bumwe mu buryo bukunze gukoreshwa n’urubyiruko n’abandi bashakanye ni ukwiyakana.Ubu buryo buragoye kuko busaba kwihangana no kugira gahunda.Mu by’ukuri ubu buryo nta kamaro kanini bufite mu kurinda gusama kuko mu rukonda mbanzirizamasohoro habamo intanga zatuma umugore asama.Nibwakurinda indwara indwara z’ibitsina nka SIDA n’izindi.

GUPIMA UBURUMBUKE

Ni uburyo bwo kumenya igihe umugore ashobora gusamiramo, mukirinda guhuza ibitsina.Bisaba ko mwese mukurikirana neza icyo gihe.17% y’ababukoresha bashobora gusama.

KWIFATA

Ni uburyo kwirinda guhuza igitsina mu buryo ubwo ari bwo bwose.Ubu buryo bwo kwifata ni bwo bwonyine bwa kurinda indwara zifatira mu myanya ndangabitsina nka Sida n’izindi ndetse no gusama.Ntuzibeshye:igitsina cyo mu kanwa,cyo mu kibuno ntaho bihuriye no kwifata.
guswerana mu kanwa,mu kibuno ushobora kubyanduriramo indwara z’ibitsina nka SIDA n’izindi.

Kwifata ni byiza kandi bifite akamaro. Guhuza igitsina n’abantu batandukanye bitera cancer yo mu mwinjiriro wa nyababyeyi ku bagore n’abakobwa(cervical cancer),risque yo kuba indwara z’ibitsina cyangwa na SIDA.

Mu bagore bose bahuje ibitsina bwa mbere,1/2 basama mu mezi atandatu ya mbere.Ni yo mpamvu kwifata ari byo byiza nubwo bitoroshye na mba.

VASECTOMY

Vasectomy ni uburyo bworoshye bwo gutuma umugabo adashobora kubyara.Abaganga bakata udutsi twitwa vas deferens tujyana amasohoro mu imboro, umugabo akaba atagishoboye gutera inda.

Ushobora gusoma ibibazo n’ibisubizo ku kwirinda gusama hano Kwirinda Gusama Igice cya Mbere na hano Kwirinda Gusama Igice cya Kabiri

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