KUBANA N’INDWARA YA SIDA :KURYA NEZA

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KUBANA N’INDWARA YA SIDA:KURYA NEZA

1. Ababana n’ubwandu cyangwa indwara ya SIDA bakenera ibyokurya bihagije

• Umubiri ufite Ubwandu ukeneraingufu,bityo kurya bihagije.
• Ababana n’ indwara ya Sida baba bashobora kuzahazwan’imirire mibi kubera ko umubiri wabo urushaho gukenera imbaraga,bakabura ubushake bwo kurya kandi bakanarwaragurika.

2. Indyo yuzuye ni ingenzi kugira ngo umubiri udata ibiro

• Indyo isukuye ituma umubiri udatakaza ibiro kandi imbaraga zikiyongera
• Indyo isukuye igufasha kugarura ibiro vuba iyo warwaye

3. Indyo yuzuye ni ngombwa mu kurwanyaubwandu bw’indwara no kurwaragurika

• Indyo yuzuye ifasha kurwanya indwara kandi bigatuma imiti irushahokugira akamaro
• Indyo yuzuye ituma agakoko gatera SIDA gatinda kuvamo indwara ya SIDA
• Indyo iboneye ituma ushobora kwikorera imirimo ikubeshaho,ukabawahinga ibyo uzarya kandi ugakomeza kugira uruhare mu kongeraumutungo w’umuryango
• Indyo iboneye ituma umuntu agira ubuzima bwiza, bityo bigatumaadata igihe cyangwa ngo yangize amafaranga ajya kwivuza
• Ibyokurya bituma ibinini umuntu yanyoye bikora neza

4. Amazi meza no kugira isuku ni ingenzi mugutuma ubana na SIDA, ukomera kandi ukabaho igihe kirekire.

• Itwaze amazi meza yo kunywa kandi uyabike neza
• Teka amazi yose anyobwa
• Ntugatume ahashyirwa ibiribwa cyangwa intoki bigira aho bihuriran’umusarane (waba uwo abantu cyangwa uw’inyamaswa)

KURYA IBIRIBWA BINYURANYE

– Buri bwoko bw’ibiribwa bugiye bufite ukoburinda umubiri
– Buri funguro rigomba kuba rigizwe n’ubwokobutatu bw’ibiribwa
– Buri bwoko muri ibi biribwa ukwabwo ntibwihagijebugomba kunganirwa n’ibindi biribwa

Ibiribwa bitera imbaraga(Ibirayi, ibijumba, imyumbati, ibigori, ibitoki, ubugari, amasaka, ingano,umuceri, amandazi, umugati, amavuta, marigarini, amavuta y’inka)
– Biha imbaraga umubiri ugashobora gukora neza
– Ntibiba bihagije ubwabyo, bisaba kunganirwa n’ubundi bwoko bw’ibiribwa

• Ibiribwa byubaka umubiri(Ibishyimbo,ubunyobwa, amashaza, ifu ya Soya, inyama, amafi,inyama y’inkoko, amagi, amata, yawuruti)
– Bituma inyama z’umubiri n’amagufa bikomera
– Bituma umuntu agarura ibiro iyo yabitakaje

• Ibiribwa birinda indwara(epinari, dodo, karoti,isombe, puwavuro, ishu, imyumbati,ibirayi,ibihaza, imbuto: avoka,imineke,imyembe,amapapayi, inanasi,igifenesi, amacunga, indimu)
– Bifasha umubiri kwirinda
– Biryoshya amafunguro

IFUNGURO RYA MU GITONDO

Urugero rwa mbereUshobora gufata imineke, ibijumba n’icyayi kirimo amataUrugero rwa kabiriUshobora gufata igikoma, amata y’ikivuguto na avoka

SAA SITA CYANGWA NIMUGOROBA

Urugero rwa mbereUshobora gufata: ibishyimbo, avoka, n’ibijumbaUrugero rwa kabiricyangwa ugafata imyumbati na powavuroUrugero rwa gatatuibikoro, inyama, amashaza na karotiUrugero rwa kaneUmuceri, amafi yumukije mu mavuta, isombe
Buri funguro rigomba guherekezwa n’ikirahure cy’amazimeza, umutobe ufutse se cyangwa amata.

• Agomba kunyuranya ibiribwa kuri buri funguro
• Ni ngombwa kurya nibura kabiri cyangwa gatatuku munsi kandi hagati y’amafunguro maniniukagenda unyuzamo udufunguro tworoheje
• Ni ngombwa kunywa ibinyobwa bisukuye nyumaya buri funguro kandi ugakomeza kugendaubinywa hagati mu munsi

IBYO USHOBORA KUNYWA

• Kunywa amazi asukuye, umufa, isupu, icyayikirimo amajyane make, umutobe
• Kunywa amazi asukuye umunsi wose: niburaibirahuri umunani ku munsi (litiro ebyiri)•
Kunywa ibinyobwa hagati na nyumay’amafunguro manini n’udufunguro tworoheje
• Kunywa icyayi n’ikawa biringaniye
• Gufata udufunguro tworoheje mu masaha yamu gitondo n’aya nimugoroba hagati y’amafunguromanini
• Niba urwaye ariko udashonje, kugira icyo unywacyangwa ugafata udufunguro duto byakoroherakuruta gufata igaburo ryose

INGORANE ABANTU BAKUNZE GUHURA NAZO

Kubura umwanya wo gutegura ifunguro

• Tumbika ibishyimbo byumye nimugoroba
• Vanga amoko atandukanye y’ibiryo mu nkono imwe
• Jya n’abandi ibihe byo guteka

Kubura amafaranga yo guhaha ibiribwa

• Shaka akarima uhingamo ibiribwa iwawe cyangwa ufatanije n’abandi
• Shaka uko wakorora inkoko cyangwa inkwavu
• Shaka uko wabona ibyunganira ibiribwa mu bigo nderabuzimacyangwa mu miryango nterankunga
• Gura ibiribwa bihendutse ariko bifite intungamubiri zihagijenk’ubunyobwa n’ibishyimbo

Ibiribwa bisabwa gufata akenshi ntibibabihingwa aho

• Geragereza kwigirira akarima ubyihingiramo iwawe
• Bisimbuze ibindi biribwa bijya gusa

Ibiribwa bigira amezi bibonekeraho

• Hunika ibiribwa igihe umwero wagenze neza

Igihe nta muntu uhari wagufasha kuguracyangwa guteka ibiryo

• Egera amatsinda y’abakorerabushake, amashyirahamwe y’ababanan’ubwandu bwa SIDA, ndetse n’abajyanama b’ubuzima basangaabantu mu ngo

Kwigunga ukarya wenyine

• Sangira n’abo mu muryango wawe, inshuti cyangwa abandi bantubabana n’ubwandu bwa SIDA Uramutse wumva wabuze ubushake bwo kurya cyangwa ukumvakurya bikubangamira.
• Ihutire kugera kwa muganga barebe icyabiteye kandi babe bavuran’indwara yihishe inyuma
• Kurikiza amabwiriza agenga imirire ku bantu babuze ubushake bwokurya kandi wirinde ibiryo byashobora gutuma umererwa nabi.

KONGERA UBUSHAKE BWO KUMVA USHAKA KURYA

• Iyo utarya uba witegeje indwara kurushaho
• Nubwo waba wumva urwaye ariko udashonjeuba ukeneye kurya
• Genda urya uturyo duke duke inshuro 5 cyangwa 6 ku munsi cyangwa unadufate nyuma yaburi masaha abiri
• Rya ibiryo ukunda cyane wongeremo ibirungonk’ibitunguru, inyanya, puwavuro kugira ngobyongeremo impumuro, keretse ufite udusebemu kanwa
• Genda uhinduranya indyo
• Komeza kurya mu burwayi bwawe bwose
• Ibitoki n’ibindi biryo binombye ntibigoranakubirya
• Sya inyama z’inka cyangwa z’inkoko cyangwase uzikatemo intongo ntoya cyane zoroshye kurya
• Nywa ikinyobwa gishyushye ubyutse na mbereyo kujya kuryama
• Nywa igikoma kirimo ifu ya soya cyangwaiy’ubunyobwa kugira ngo imbaraga ziyongere
• Gabanya inzoga kandi wirinde kunywa itabikuko bigabanya kumva ushaka kurya

KWISHIMSHA

• Shaka ibintu byo kwishimisha kandi ufateumwanya uhagije wo gusabana n’umuryangowawe n’inshuti zawe, cyane cyane usabanen’abana
• Sangira n’umuryango wawe ndetse n’inshutizawe
• Isunge abari mu ishyirahamwe rifasha ababanan’ubwandu cyangwa indwara ya SIDA
• Saba imfashanyo niba uyikeneye
• Ita cyane ku byo wumva ukeneye
• Jya hanze mu kayaga no ku kazuba niburarimwe mu munsi

GUFATWA NABI

• Ababana n’ubwandu cyangwa indwara ya SIDAusanga bafatwa nabi n’abandi bantu;bahangayikishijwe n’ejo hazaza habo;bakanacibwa intege no kubona bahora barwaye
• Marana igihe kinini n’umuryango, inshutin’abakuru mu myemerere yawe kugira ngobakugabanyirize kwiheba no guhangayika
• Fatanya n’abakorerabushake mu kugufashakurushaho kugubwa neza
• Shaka umuntu wo mu muryango, inshuti,umurwayi wa SIDA cyangwa umukorerabushakeusanga abarwayi mu ngo za bo muganire kubibazo ufite
• Kurya ibiryo ukunda byagufasha kubera kokwiheba bishobora kubuza umuntu kurya
• Nywa kenshi amazi atetse n’imitobe
• Ruhuka bihagije

IMYITOZO

• Imyitozo ngororangingo ituma umuntu yumvaashaka kurya
• Ituma umuntu yumva amerewe neza
• Ibuza ingingo guhinamirana ikanatuma imitsiy’umubiri itarya umuntu
• Ikomeza imitsi y’umubiri
• Ituma umutima ukora neza kandi n’amarasoagatembera neza
• Utugendo tugufi, guhina amavi, kwirambura,kunamira imbere n’inyuma, ibi byose ni imyitozoyoroshye wakora n’iyo wakumva utameze neza cyane
• Niba wibera ku gitanda, shaka umuntu wokunanura amaboko n’amaguru kugira ngo adahinamirana

IRINDE INZOGA N’ITABI

• Inzoga zigabanya kumva umuntu ashaka kurya

• Inzoga zishobora kuganisha ku myitwarire mibiyagukururira ingorane
• Inzoga zishobora gutuma imiti nk’igabanyaubukana bwa SIDA itagira akamaro
• Kunywa itabi byongera ibyago byo gufatwan’indwara nk’umusonga
• Kwifata cyangwa gukoresha agakingirizobishobora gutuma umuntu atarushahokwandura agakoko gatera SIDA no kutanduzaabandi

IBI NTIBITERA SIDA

• Gukoranaho bisanzwe cyangwa kuryama mu cyumbakimwe n’uwanduye agakoko cyangwa indwara yaSIDA ntibikwirakwirakwiza ubwandu
• Ntibishoboka ko umuntu yakwandura agakoko gateraSIDA kubera ko yakoresheje ibikombe, amasahaniuwanduye agakoko gatera SIDA yakoresheje,basangiye ibiryo cyangwa se amazi
• Guha akato abanduye agakoko cyangwa indwaraya SIDA ni ubunyamaswa no kubura ubumuntu
• Guha abanduye cyangwa abarwayi ba SIDA indyoyuzuye isukuye n’amazi meza bagenewe ni igikorwacyiza cyo kwishimira
• Abanduye agakoko cyangwa indwara ya SIDAbakeneye urukundo, kwitabwaho no gushyigikirwa
• Gusangira n’abavandimwe n’inshuti bituma gushakakurya byiyongera bigatuma agira ubuzima bwiza
• Kurya indyo yuzuye isukuye byiza, kunywa amaziyatetswe udukoko tugapfa, kuvura ibyuririzi no gufataimiti igabanya ubukana bwa SIDA niba yarabyandikiwena muganga, bizatera abanduye agakoko cyangwa indwara ya SIDA kurushaho kugira imbaraga bityobikaba byatuma barushaho gukora neza

KWIRINDA KWANDURA IZINDI NDWARA

• Ababana n’ubwandu cyangwa indwara ya SIDA bashobora kugarizwa n’indwara kurusha abandi
• Ubwandu n’indwara byabuza umuntu kumvaashaka kurya, bikamutera kuruka no guhitwa;bishobora gutuma arya ibiryo bike n’intungamubirizikaba nke mu mubiri
• Indwara zituma umubiri urushaho gukeneraintungamubiri
• Irinde indwara usukura inzu, umwanda wo mumusarani n’udukoko dutera indwara
• Karaba intoki n’isabune cyangwa ivu mbere yogutegura amafunguro, mbere yo kurya na nyumayo kuhagira umwana cyangwa kuva ku musarani
• Kwisuzumisha kenshi bishobora gutumaindwara zihishe zigaragara zigahita zivurwa
• Witegereza kwivuza ari uko warembye
• Hita wivuza bidatinze

AMAZI

• Amazi ashobora kuba asa neza ariko agateraindwara
• Udukoko duterindwara two mu musarniw’inyamaswa cyangwa w’abantu, aboneka mumazi no mu biribwa ashobora gutera impiswin’izindi ndwara
• Nywa buri gihe amazi yatetswe udukokotugapfa. Udukoko two mu mazi dushoborakwicwa no:
• Guteka amazi
i• Gushyira Sûr’Eau mu mazi yo kunywa ukurikije amabwiriza
• Gukora ku buryo amazi atanduye akomezakugira isuku:
• Uyabika mu gikoresho gifite isuku kandi gipfundikiye
• Uyadahisha igikoresho gifite isuku
• Wirinda gukoza intoki mu mazi

ISUKU

• Ababana n’ubwandu cyangwa indwara ya SIDA baba bafite amahirwe menshi yo gufatwan’indwara
• Ni ngombwa kugirira isuku ibiribwa, amazin’ahakikije inzu tuharinda umwandaw’umusarani kugira ngo turinde indwara ababana n’ubwandu cyangwa indwara ya SIDA n’imiryango yabo.

• Bimwe mu bikorwa bifatika byafasha mukugirira isuku urugo n’ibiribwa birimo:

• Gukaraba intoki n’isabune nyuma yo kuva ku musarani,nyuma yo kuhagira umwana na mbere yo guteguraamafunguro
• Imisarani igomba guhora isukuye kandi ipfundikiye kugirango udukoko n’utundi dusimba tutajyamo
• Kuzirika amatungo kure y’igikoni
• Gusukura buri gihe imisambi yo kuryamaho
• Gukubura kenshi mu nzu no hanze ku mbuga ya yo.
• Gushyira imyanda mu kintu gipfundikiye kugeza igiheuzayijugunyira ahabigenewe
• Guta imyanda kure y’inzu n’isoko y’amazi
• Gutaba imyanda mu ngarani cyangwa ikimboteri
• Ababana n’ubwandu cyangwa indwara ya SIDA ni abantubafatwa vuba n’indwara z’impiswi biturutse ku biribwan’amazi yanduye
• Karaba intoki neza n’isabune cyangwa ivu mbere yogufata, gutegura no kurya ibiribwa kugira ngo wizereneza ko nta mikorobi bifite. Reka intoki zawe zumutswen’umuyaga
• Aho utekera hashobora kuba hasa neza ariko hari mikorobi zitera indwara.Oza aho utekera buri munsi ukoresheje isabune cyangwaamazi arimo umuti igihe cyose bishoboka. Girira burigihe isuku ibikoresho byo mu gikoni n’ibyo murirahokandi ubibike ahantu hasukuye kandi hapfundikiye
• Mugomba kwica udukoko mu mazi yo guteka n’ayo kunywamuyateka munayapfundikira kugira ngo ahorane isuku
• Ibitonyanga by’imiti nka kolorini cyangwa Sûr’Eau bishobora na byo gukoreshwa mu kwica udukoko mumazi ariko bigomba gukorwa hakurikijwe amabwirizaabigenga
• Ntuzatume ibiryo bihiye bimara amasaha arenze abiri biriaho, ongera ubishyushye neza bihagije mbere yokubirya. Irinde kurya ibiryo byangiritse, amagi, amafin’inyama bidatetse
• Oza imbuto n’imboga n’amazi asukuye mbere yo kubirya,kubiteka no kubigaburira abandi
• Amadomoro n’ibindi bikoresho bibikwamo amazibigomba guhora bipfundikiye bikarindwa imbeba,udukoko n’izindi nyamaswa

ISUZUMISHE KENSHI KWA MUGANGA

• Kwipimisha ibiro kenshi ngo urebe niba utariguta ibiro
• Kubarisha abasirikari b’umubiri wawe (CD4)nibura buri mezi atandatu
• Kunganirwa no kwa muganga uhabwa nk’imitiigabanya ubukana bwa SIDA, igituntu, imiti yicainzoka, malariya, kubura amaraso ahagije;unahabwa n’intungamubiri z’inyongera
• Kubaza ibyerekeranye n’intungamubiriz’inyongera n’uburyo bwo kwica mikorobi mumazi ku babana n’ubwandu cyangwa indwaraya SIDA
• Kwiyambaza inkunga y’abaganga igihe utangiyekugira intege nke
• Gusaba abo mu rugo cyangwa inshuti kukujyanakwa muganga

IMPISWI N’ISESEME

• Abanduye agakoko cyangwa indwara ya SIDA bafite ingorane nyinshi zo gufatwa n’indwarazikunda kwandura nk’impiswi, ibisebe kumubiri, kubura amaraso n’igituntu
• Indwara zitandukanye zisaba amoko anyuranyey’ibiribwa kugira ngo umubiri ugarure imbaraga;ni ukuvuga ko rero ugomba kurya ibiribwa byomuri aya moko atatu yose: ibitera imbaraga,ibyubaka umubiri n’ibi
rinda umubiri indwara
• Izi ndwara zikara cyane iyo umurwayi atariyekandi ngo anywe ibinyobwa bifite isuku
• Hakenewe ibiribwa biruta ibyo umuntu akeneraari muzima mu gihe arwaye cyangwa akirutseindwara kugira ngo umurwayi ashoborekugarura agatege
• Impiswi, iseseme no kuruka bishobora gutumaumubiri utagerwaho neza n’intungamubiri, umuntuyumva adashaka kurya kandi akagira umwuma
• Nywa ibinyobwa byinshi, cyane cyane Siro igihecyose uramutse ugize impiswi
• Mu gihe cyo gutegura Siro, ugomba gukoreshaamazi asukuye
• Nywa amazi atarimo mikorobi, amazi y’umucericyangwa potaje
• Genda unywa amazi make make
• Irinde imitobe iryohereye, fanta, icyayi n’ikawa
• Gahoro gahoro ugende urya uturyo turinganiyetworoheje tunombye
• Nywa igikoma n’amata make
• Nywa yawuruti cyangwa ikivuguto
• Irinde ibiryo birimo ibirungo byinshi
• Irinde kurya ibiribwa bikize ku binyamavutacyangwa byatetswe bufiriti ndetse n’imbutozikungahaye kuri aside

IBIBAZO BY’UDUSEBE MU KANWA

• Gusukura mu kanwa birinda bikanahagarikaikwirakwira ry’udusebe
• Sukura mu kanwa uko umaze kurya ukoreshejeipamba n’amazi y’akazuyazi arimo akunyu gake(akayiko gato k’umunyu mu gikombe cy’amaziasukuye)
• Koza mu kanwa ukoresheje umuti wabigenewe.Ukoresha akayiko gato k’umuti ukagakorogamu gikombe cy’amazi atetse y’akazuyazi
• Gerageza kurya wirengagize utwo dusebe
• Rya ibiryo bisa nk’ibisharira nka yawuruticyangwa byateguwe hakoreshejwe
• Rya ibiryo byoroshye binombye, nywa amasupun’ibikoma
• Irinde imbuto zirimo aside nk’inanasi n’amacunga
• Irinde ibiryo birunze cyane n’ibishyushye cyane
• Nywa amasupu, imitobe n’ibindi binyobwaukoresheje umuheha kugira ngo bikorohere kumira
• Jya kwa muganga kwivuza. Hari imiti ivuraudusebe two mu kanwa.
• Bobeza iminwa ukoresheje amavuta yo guteka,Vaseline cyangwa marigarini inshuro nyinshi

KONGERA VITAMINI

• Rya amafi, inyama n’amagi bikize kuri vitaminebigufashe kongera kugarura imbaraga
• Rya imboga rwatsi nka epinari, imbwija, isombe,ibibabi by’ibirayi n’ibisusa
• Rya imbuto nk’amacunga, imyembe n’indimubifasha umubiri wawe gukoresha vitaminebwavuye mu bindi biribwa
• Jya gushaka ubutare bw’inyongera kwamuganga cyangwa ku mubyaza wabihuguriwe
• Shaka imiti y’inzoka buri mezi 4-6
• Hita wivuza igihe ufashwe na malariya kandiukoreshe inzitiramubu

KWIVUZA IGITUNTU

• Igituntu gishobora gukira
• Ihutire kwivuza niba hari ibimenyetso by’igituntuurimo ubona nko gututubikana nijoro, inkororaihoraho, guta ibiro no gucika intege
• Imiti y’igituntu imara amezi atandatu kandiibinini bigomba gufatwa buri munsi muri ayomezi 6 yose. Kudafata imiti y’igituntu nk’ukomuganga yayikwandikiye bishobora gutumawongera kurwara, indwara ikanga imitibikanatuma wanduza abo mu muryango
• Igituntu gituma umubiri ukenera ibiribwa byinshi
• Imiti imwe y’igituntu ituma umubiri ukeneraintungamubiri z’inyongera ziva mu bihaza,avoka, ibinyampeke byose, ibishyimbo,ubunyobwa, amafi, inyama n’inkoko
• Ugomba guhora wisuzumisha kwa muganga

amafoto y'igituba

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